You can only go about three days without water. Drinking contaminated water can bring things to a close much quicker than that. To provide clean drinking water for our families in times of crisis, it is important to understand the best survival water filters.
The best survival water filters are the Sawyer Mini Water Filtration System, Katadyn Vario Dual Technology Microfilter, and the Platypus GravityWorks 4.0 Liter High-Capacity Water Filter. For ease of use, the Lifestraw Personal Water Filter is the best.
Hopefully, this article will help you choose the best water filter for you and your family.
Choosing the Best Survival Water Filter
There are several things to consider when buying a filter, including size, convenience, lifespan, pore size, flow rate, and price. Size may not be an issue if you primarily use a filter around your home in times of crisis. If you have a family that will rely on the filter, lifespan and flow rate will be important. Pore size needs will differ depending on your water source and local environment.
To choose the best survival water filtration system, let’s briefly look at the types of filter processes that you may encounter:
Pump-style filters have been around for quite a while and are among the most expensive filters on the market. They can be bulky, but for their size, you get a filter that can pull water from very shallow sources, which the other filter types often struggle to do.
Pump-style filters are among the most effective filters with very small pore sizes but do require a decent bit of energy to pump and will require field maintenance from time to time. Any decent pump filter will remove most biological contaminants and filter water quickly. Expect to be able to treat about 2000 liters before needing to replace the filter.
Depending on your situation, survival is sometimes a lazy man’s game. In comes the gravity filter. This filter consists of a dirty water reservoir, an inline filter, and a clean water reservoir.
Gravity filters function by hanging the dirty reservoir anywhere above the clean reservoir and letting gravity do its thing. The sacrifice is that often the reservoirs are frustrating to fill, and treatment can take longer than a pump-style filter. Maintenance is simple but must be done frequently to keep the filter flowing well. Expect to get somewhere around 1500 liters before the filter needs to be replaced.
The squeeze filter is a sort of hybrid between gravity and straw filters. Currently, the market is heavily dominated by Sawyer products, specifically the Sawyer Mini and Sawyer Squeeze. Both are small, lightweight options. They are easy to use, but flow rates are limited by the size of your dirty water reservoir and top out well below the pump-style filters.
The squeeze filters’ lifespan is astounding, with the Mini offering around 100,000 gallons and the Squeeze close to a million. The prices are affordable, around $20.00 for the Mini and not much more for the Squeeze. The filter element is not replaceable, but you replace the whole unit for the price. These must be kept clean in the field, or flow rates will drastically suffer.
Many people consider the Sawyer Mini the best survival water filtration system on the market.
Straw and Bottle Filters
Made popular by LifeStraw, these filters were designed with the idea of ease and convenience. For straw-type filters, you stick one end in your water source and drink. For a bottle, you fill the bottle straight from a source and drink through an integrated cap and filter.
These are on par with other filters for pore size. One of the most limiting factors is that neither of these filters can produce clean water for cooking or other needs. The filters’ lifespan ranges between 1000 and 5000 liters and will need to be cleaned between uses.
Note that these are one-person options. If you have a family, you may need multiple filters to fill their needs.
Straw and bottle-style filters are often a great choice for a bug-out bag.
Ultraviolet treatment devices are less of a filter and more of a cleaner. These are the only option capable of neutralizing viruses which can be a huge benefit. They will treat all pathogens in water but do nothing for chemicals or other contaminants.
These are the only treatment system that requires power, but as long as you have batteries and the bulb lasts, you can treat water without concern for capacity. They are somewhat limited in the amount they can treat at once, but treatment only takes about 90 seconds. Just ensure you have decent water to start with.
Most Popular Water Filters
Choosing the Best Filter for You
That answer will depend on your local environment and your personal needs. If you plan to carry the filter on long treks, lighter filters may be your best bet, like a straw or squeeze filter. If you are treating water for multiple people, a gravity or pump filter may be your choice.
Regardless of which system you choose, there are a few points to remember if you’re looking for a survival water filter. None of the filters above treat for chemicals in the water, so choose your source wisely.
Except for the UV option, none treat for viruses. In North America, waterborne viruses are very rare, but in other parts of the world, they can be a concern. Perhaps combining a UV filter with another system may be your best bet. And remember, when the water is suspect, boil it!
Survival Water Filter Reviews
Before choosing a water filter, please select one that will work well in the scenario you’re most likely to use!
Sawyer Mini Water Filtration System
- Ideal for outdoor recreation, hiking, camping, scouting, domestic and International travel, and...
- High-performance 0.1 Micron absolute inline filter fits in the palm of your hand and weighs just 2...
- Attaches to included drinking pouch, standard disposable water bottles, hydration packs, or use the...
- Removes 99.99999% of all bacteria (salmonella, cholera, and E. coli); removes 99.9999% of all...
- Filter rated up to 100,000 gallons; includes one Sawyer MINI filter, 16-ounce reusable squeeze...
The Sawyer Mini Water Filtration System is a no-brainer if you want a great water filter for very little money. They even come in a four-pack so everyone in your family can have their own.
You can find our Sawyer Mini Water Filtration System Review here.
Katadyn Vario Dual Technology Microfilter
- A simple turn engages a ceramic pre-filter for long life in dirty water or a pleated glass fiber...
- Produces up to two quarts per minute in the faster flow mode and one quart per minute in longer life...
- Uses a replaceable Katadyn carbon core and cleanable ceramic disc
- Adapter base attaches directly to water bottles or an output hose can be used to fill hydration...
- Glass fiber filter
The Katadyn Vario Dual Technology Microfilter is a midsized pump-style filter that is perfect for a group of people. The activated charcoal filter also removes some chemicals that other filters can’t touch.
Make sure you read our Katadyn Vario Dual Technology Microfilter Review.
Platypus GravityWorks 4.0 Liter High-Capacity Water Filter
- High-capacity, gravity-fed, hollow-fiber water filter system is ideal for group and family camping,...
- Meets all EPA/NSF guidelines for removal of 99.9999% of bacteria and 99.9% of protozoa, including...
- No pumping required; reservoir fills easily and hangs from a tree to deliver four liters of filtered...
- Includes 4-liter dirty water reservoir, 4-liter clean water reservoir, hollow-fiber microfilter,...
- Replaceable cartridge filters up to 1,500 gallons; produces flow rate of 1.75 liters/minute; kit...
The Platypus GravityWorks 4.0 Liter High-Capacity Water Filter is a great option for camping or other areas where you don’t want to take a Big Berky with you. It shines when a large group of people uses it.
You can read our full Platypus GravityWorks 4.0 Liter High-Capacity Water Filter Review here.
Lifestraw Personal Water Filter
- Removes Bacteria & Parasites: The Microfiltration Membrane Removes 99.999999% Of Waterborne Bacteria...
- Removes Microplastics: Removes The Smallest Microplastics Found In The Environment (Down To 1...
- Rigorous Testing: All Claims Are Verified With Laboratories Using Standard Testing Protocols Set By...
- Long Lifetime: The Microbiological Filter Will Provide 4,000 Liters (1,000 Gallons) Of Clean And...
- Make An Impact: For Every Lifestraw Product Purchased, A School Child In Need Receives Safe Drinking...
The Lifestraw is one of the original hiking/camping water filters and is still one of the best. For ease of use, the Lifestraw is simply the best. It’s also one of the cheapest filters, so you can afford to put one in your survival kits.
You can read our complete Lifestraw Personal Water Filter Review here.
When you’re in a survival situation, clean water is one of the most important things that you need. Besides exposure to the elements, dehydration is often the leading cause of death when people are stranded for more than a few days.
At a minimum, I’d suggest getting a LifeStraw and putting it in your survival kits and vehicles. They’re less than $20 and can mean the difference between life and death!